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Indra Nooyi became President and CEO of PepsiCo?



Indra Nooyi Living in a world where gender inequality has become a deeply rooted part of our society and exists almost everywhere, we are proud to talk about a woman who has overcome all obstacles, to occupy the highest position. company in the world born on October 28, 1955, Indra Nooyi – currently acts as President and CEO of PepsiCo.With a net worth of $ 144 million, Indra receives an annual salary of $ 18.6 million (2014) and is also consistently ranked among the 100 most powerful women in the world.

In 2014, Fortune named her the third most powerful woman in business, while currently; It ranks 15th in the list of the 100 most powerful women in the world by Forbes. He has also been conferred with “Padma Bhushan” (third highest civil award) by the President of India and was also appointed to the US CEO Forum. US-India led by the Obama Administration. Speaking of her personal life, she is married to Raj K. Nooyi, who is a management consultant and also has two daughters who are separated for almost a decade. Together, they live in Greenwich, Connecticut. His eldest daughter currently attends Yale School of Management.

How did you climb the stairs to get to PepsiCo?
Let’s start from the beginning! Indra was born in a conservative and middle-class family in Madras (now Chennai), and it was always known that he broke the rules. This was the time when Indian women were supposed to be the typically introverted housewives, Indra at the other end believed otherwise. She was a very ambitious girl and always believed in using her talents to the fullest. He had joined a cricket team for girls and even played the guitar in an exclusively female rock band, during his days at Madras Christian College. She and her sister were prepared by their mother, who always asked them “what they wanted to do when they grew up” and if she liked what she heard, then she would give them a prize. Motivated by the award, she would always think hard about the best answer. This determination and perseverance of her got him an entry in IIM Kolkata, from where he completed his PG Diploma in Administration in 1976.

After finishing his studies, he decided to start his career and joined “Tootal”, a British textile company. And after a brief period with them, he went on to work with “Johnson & Johnson” and the textile company “Mettur Beardsell” as Product Manager for approximately 2 years. While at Johnson & Johnson, he was asked to manage the Stayfree account. Now, this was a time when such things were considered taboo, and personal protection could not be announced in India. To make it even more difficult, the company had just introduced the line into the Indian market, so it hardly had an identity among its target customers.

Obviously, it was really a great challenge even for an experienced marketing executive, but Indra decided to take on the task and, believe it or not, he solved it successfully. Anyway, one day he was walking through a magazine when he came across an article about the Yale University School of Administration, and at the insistence of his friends, he decided to apply for admission. Now, however, he had postulated with the intention of not passing, but to his surprise; Not only did he get admission but they also offered him financial help. He also somehow managed to convince his parents in some way to approve his plans. Having said this; The next thing he did was move to the United States to obtain his Masters in Public and Private Administration, in 1978. He also managed to complete a summer internship with Booz Allen Hamilton.

After completing her Masters, and after many struggles and hard work, she saved some money to buy a western suit for her. As uncomfortable as it was, wearing the same thing went to a job interview. But she was rejected. Unmotivated, she approached her teacher at Yale for advice, who asked her to put on what she felt most comfortable with. Therefore, he used a sari for the next interview and, surprisingly, he got the job! He had joined the “Boston Consulting Group” to lead international corporate strategy projects. From textile and consumer goods companies to retailers and several other producers, I used to handle a wide range of customers.

According to her, this initial phase was quite difficult for her, one because she was a woman and had to work harder to prove herself, and two because she was not American. But, again, he didn’t let that affect her, instead, he used it to his advantage to grow. After giving more than six years of his professional life; Between 1986 and 1994, Indra worked with “Motorola” as vice president and director of strategy and corporate planning, and then with “Asea Brown Boveri” (ABB) as senior vice president of strategy and strategic marketing. During his period with ABB, Indra helped the company to find its address in North America. She was responsible for running the US business. UU., That is, $ 10 billion of the company’s global sales of $ 30 billion. With this success, she had become the rising star in management and, since then, corporate headhunters aggressively pursued her. All packaged product companies in the nation were trying to influence it, attract it or try to offer you the best possible package. It was then that he caught the attention of Jack Welch (former president and CEO of General Electric) and Wayne Calloway (former CEO, PepsiCo). They both made an offer, but PepsiCo’s offer attracted him more than GE’s.

How did you become the executive director of PepsiCo?
Indra chose the soft drink maker, and in 1994 he joined them as senior vice president of Strategic Planning. She managed that portfolio for almost 2 years, after which she also served as Senior Vice President of Strategy and Corporate Development at PepsiCo from 1996 to 2000. While at PepsiCo, Indra was widely known for being a leading negotiator in high-level agreements and over the period of time, he had also helped the company win some important portfolios. At that time, she believed that the company’s main products such as Frito-Lay salted soda and fried snacks faced a dramatic drop in sales. In addition, he could also see the change in taste, in which consumers were moving towards healthier lifestyles. With this in mind, it was she who achieved the company’s diversification into new products within the field of packaged foods. It was also the brain behind the formation of a separate brand in 1997 for its restaurants, in “Tricon”. The brand is now known as “yum!

This was followed by the agreement of two of the most important acquisitions of the company, until now. First, she was an integral part in the acquisition of the ‘Tropicana’ orange juice brand, for which she also helped put together the $ 3.3 billion deal for the purchase in 1998, after which she also helped the company to secure the purchase of ‘Quaker Oats’ for $ 14 billion. This agreement not only brought Gatorade to PepsiCo but also became one of the largest food businesses in the corporate history of the time.

Apart from that, this was also followed by the largest international acquisition in the history of PepsiCo: the acquisition of “Wimm-Bill-Dann” and the beverage manufacturer “SoBe”.Upon observing Indra’s impressive talents, she was promoted to the position of the financial director in 2000, which also made her the highest-ranking Indian woman in corporate America. But after not much time, in 2006; he (Steve) decided to take the retirement route due to health problems. Therefore, without much thought, in October 2006, Indra became the CEO of the company. However, she continued as president until April 2007, a position in which she was also appointed a president. The first task that came to her desk, as soon as she became the executive director, was actually a long-standing issue that needed immediate attention.

PepsiCo’s water use, since the beginning of 2000, had been in the spotlight in India. It was suspected that they used a lot of water in a country where water scarcity was a recurring problem. They were also blamed for diverting water to manufacture a discretionary product. Therefore, to understand the depth of the problem, PepsiCo had launched a nationwide program to achieve a “positive water balance” in India in 2009. And to solve the problem once and for all, Indra decided to make a trip to India in 2007. It was there to address water use practices in the country and also to show all critics and the government that PepsiCo was seriously Doing something about it.

In 2009, when the company’s 2009 corporate citizenship report was published (and according to media reports), the company had managed to replenish more than six billion liters of water within India. This figure also exceeded the total average intake of PepsiCo within India, which was five billion liters. Due to this successful program, PepsiCo extended this program to all the countries in which they operated and faced water problems, and in total, the company saved more than 12 billion liters of water worldwide.

As CEO, Indra has managed to redirect and reclassify the company and its products into three categories, that is, “fun for you,” “better for you,” and “good for you.”And if you look at the statistics, she has also succeeded with great success. In its combined global food and beverage portfolio, the company has also grown to 22 brands, some of which include businesses such as Quaker, Tropicana, Gatorade, Frito-Lay, and Pepsi-Cola. From the moment it started as a CFO, PepsiCo’s net profit has grown dramatically from $ 2.7 billion to $ 6.5 billion in 2014. And finally, today the company represents net revenues of $ 66 billion, becoming the second-largest food and beverage company in the world.

Serves as a member of the Board of the World Economic Forum Foundation, International Rescue Committee, Catalyst
He received an “Honorary Doctorate of Human Letters” from the State University of New York at Purchase (2015)
Appointed as CEO of 2009 ’by Global Supply Chain Leaders Group
Named as one of the best leaders in the United States by U.S. News & World Report (2008)
Chosen for the scholarship of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2008)
Elected president of the EE Business Council US-India (USIBC) (2008)

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7th Nizam’s eldest daughter-in-law dead



ఏడవ నిజాం కూతురు బేగం కన్నుమూత.

ఏడవ నిజాం మీర్ ఉస్మాన్ అలీఖాన్ సంతానంలో బ్రతికున్న ఏకైక వ్యక్తి, ఆయన కుమార్తె బషీరున్నిసా బేగం(93) కన్నుమూసింది.కొంతకాలంగా అనారోగ్యంతో బాధపడుతున్న పడుతుంది. ఆమె ఆరోగ్యం మరింత క్షిణించడంతో ఈ తెల్లవారు జామున తుదిశ్వాస విడిచింది. బషీరున్నిసా బేగం 1927 సంవత్సరంలో జన్మించారు. ఆమెకు అలీ పాషాగా పేరొందిన నావాబ్ కాసిం యార్ జంగ్‌తో పెళ్లి జరిగింది.

వీరికి ఒక కుమార్తె కూడా ఉంది. కుమార్తె పేరు రషీదున్నిసా బేగం. పురాణీ హవేలీలో నివసిస్తున్నారు. అలీ పాషా 1998 సంవత్సరంలో మరణించారు. బషీరున్నిసా బేగం మరణం పట్ల పలువురు ప్రముఖులు తీవ్ర సానుభూతిని వ్యక్తం చేశారు. ఆమె భౌతికకాయాన్ని సందర్శించి నివాళులు అర్పిస్తున్నారు. ప్రార్థనల అనంతరం అంత్యక్రియలను నిర్వహించనున్నారు. పాతబస్తీలోని దర్గా యాహియా పాషా స్మశానవాటికలో బషీరున్నిసా బేగం అంత్యక్రియలు జరుపనున్నారు.

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Eat Food With Measurable Quantity



What are the dimensions of a serving of food?
It is simple! One serving is that the quantity of food or drink we elect to eat every time. It is often heaps or touches and it depends on the alternatives we tend to create. whereas the number of food we tend to eat is our call, we are able to influence the number of food served in restaurants or provided in packages by food producers.

Why ought to we tend to concentrate on the dimensions of a portion?
Understanding what an accurate portion will facilitate the US eat healthier and avoid mortal sin and mortal sin.2 What drives our food selections is advanced and lots of factors will play a job, from social to psychological.3 A typically, the number of food or the sensation of fullness doesn’t even appear to matter. this might be because:

we eat a rush, or doltishly,
we simply do not know what quantity we should always eat,
We choose larger parts for a higher price for cash.
In some food containers, the portion size is mentioned, in others no. Why?
In the EU, food producers will, however, don’t have to be compelled to indicate a serving size on the package. the data that ought to be mentioned within the food packages includes:


How much product the package contains in total,
What nutrients and the way abundant of them area unit gift in 100g or 100ml of the given food. Who decides on the portion size indicated on the food package, if mentioned?
In general, portion sizes don’t seem to be standardized in Europe and will vary by the whole, product or producer.7 However, many business associations have developed normal portion sizes to produce consistent info, sure|guaranteeing} that certain Food or beverages area unit tagged with identical serving size, notwithstanding whole. 5,6,8 as an example, soup producers mentioned and suggested that a serving of soup be 250 milliliters. The trade association of the ECU potable business conjointly set the reference portion size at 250 milliliter and European breakfast cereal producers united on a spread (30-45 g) of serving sizes for various varieties of cereals. Food makers, if they want, may also specify info “per serving.” The “per serving” info offered by food producers isn’t the suggested quantity to consume. Rather, it’s the number of food that a median adult is predicted to consume and the way it contributes to the final diet. as an example, one hundred g of butter contains, on average, eighty g of fat. Actually, we do not eat one hundred g of butter at a time. Therefore, providing info per serving of butter, as an example, per 10 g, can higher replicate the contribution of this food to our diet.

Is the portion size identical because of the portion size?
This can be quite confusing! typically, the dimensions of some and also the size of some area unit identical, however, they’ll disagree. we tend to currently recognize that that portion is that the quantity of food we elect to eat, whereas the portion size may be a specific and measured quantity of food, like a spoon, a glass or a slice. Imagine a loaf of bread. The suggested serving size could also be one to a pair of slices, however, the portion you select to eat could vary. it should rely upon however you would like to eat the bread, what else you’re consumption with it and the way abundant you would like.

Unpacked food? Is portion size not recommended? however will we acumen abundant to eat?
The dietary steerage provided by every country, usually painted as an organic phenomenon or dish, is often an honest begin. you’ll use them to understand what foods to eat and in what proportions, to attain a healthy and diet. will your country have its own organic phenomenon or an Eatwell dish to that you’ll prefer? you’ll realize it on this page of the FAO web site. We should conjointly invariably bear in mind that some foods offer a lot of energy than others, which implies they supply a lot of calories per serving. this is often known as density energy density ‘. as an example, a frozen dessert created with full-fat cream and sugar is often classified as high energy density foods. On the opposite hand, most fruits and vegetables have low energy density. Therefore, the portion sizes of fruits and vegetables would want to be larger than the frozen dessert to produce an identical quantity of calories. Low energy density foods area unit usually wealthy in nutrients. whereas foods of high energy density ought to be enjoyed carefully, observance portion sizes.

As a general guide, attempt to follow these tips:

Eat at least 5 totally different servings of colorful fruits and vegetables on a daily basis.
Make potatoes, bread, rice, alimentary paste or alternative starchy carbohydrates because of the basis of a meal, selecting whole grains whenever doable fourteen
Aim for 3 servings of farm product (or farm alternatives) per day, selecting choices with less fat
Eat macromolecules like beans, legumes, fish, eggs, and meat (including a pair of servings of fish hebdomadally, one amongst that should be oily)
Drink half-dozen to eight glasses of water, milk and sugar-free drinks, like tea and occasional, on a daily basis that ought to add one.5 to a pair of liters per day.
Eat-in an eating place and be swamped by the portion of food ahead of you?
In restaurants, if the food you serve looks an excessive amount of, raise your server to get rid of 0.5 the number now and pack it up to require a home. This not solely helps management what quantity you eat, however conjointly avoids waste by providing another meal for the consecutive day!

Can I simply calculate what quantity some ought to be?
We should see our serving sizes and mix them with suggested serving sizes. To estimate the proper amount or portion, we are able to use our hands, some visual comparisons or straightforward activity tools which will be found in our room. the fruit may be a tiny apple or a few of berries
the vegetables square measure a medium carrot or 2 handfuls of sliced broccoli (which is roughly eighty g)
the bread maybe a slice or [*fr1] bun
the flesh will slot in the palm of your hand
the cheese is that the size of a tiny low box
water ought to fill a glass
the butter will be measured with a teaspoon
What regarding the children? for certain their parts square measure smaller!
That’s right! the quantity of food we want and, therefore, the dimensions of our parts varies in line with our weight, gender, health and the way active we have a tendency to square measure. does one bear in mind a food pyramid? It will be used as a reference for kids over two years. simply bear in mind, once adjusting the dimensions of some for the bellies, the balance of the food teams ought to stay constant, what matters is that the portion size. we are able to still use our hands as a guide for individual parts. as an example, if a few of berries is one serving, kids can have less and so consumed but adults. What a helpful mensuration tool continuously in our pockets!

How will we have a tendency to management portion sizes?
Understanding what quantity we want to eat needs apply, however, their square measure some tricks to stay portion sizes beneath control:

Use smaller plates
Slow down and be additional aware whereas intake
Skip seconds / do not choose a second to facilitate if you already feel full
Do not dine out of the boxes
Learn to scan food labels
Repackage giant baggage in individual parts
Use mensuration tools like spoons, cups, and cups.
Use our infographic as a guide to decide on the proper serving size
Eat often, consciously, and luxuriate in it with friends and family!

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Chandrayaan-2 Full Story. Indian satellite mission




Chandrayaan-2 is Associate in Nursing Indian satellite mission to explore the undiscovered pole of the heavenly body by landing a rover.On Gregorian calendar month seven, Republic of India tried to form a soft landing on the satellite surface.However, the Vikram landing module lost the first landing website and went for the second. the pictures disappeared from here on out.

According to the top of Isro, K Sivan, the communication of the Vikram landing module was lost and therefore the knowledge remains being analyzed.

If the Republic of India succeeds, it’ll be the fourth country to land on the moon, when the previous state, us and china, to consolidate its place among the nations of the planet that visit the house.

The Chandrayaan-2 satellite had begun its journey to the moon going Earth’s orbit within the dark hours on August fourteen, when a vital maneuver known as Trans satellite Insertion (TLI) that Isro dispensed to put the orbiter within the “Lunar Transfer Path”.

In a vital milestone for India’s second satellite mission, the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter had with success entered the satellite orbit on August twenty once activity the satellite orbit insertion (LOI) maneuver. On August twenty-two, Isro frees the primary image of the moon captured by Chandrayaan-2. On Gregorian calendar month a pair of, ‘Vikram’ with success separated from the satellite, when that 2 outrageous maneuvers were dispensed to bring the landing module nearer to the Moon.

‘Vikram’ and ‘Pragyan’

When the Republic of India tried a soft landing on the satellite surface on Gregorian calendar month seven, all eyes were on the ‘Vikram’ landing module and therefore the ‘Pragyan’ scout vehicle.The 1,471 metric weight unit ‘Vikram’, named when Vikram Sarabhai, the daddy of the Indian program, was designed to execute a soft landing on the satellite surface and operate throughout a day, that amounts to regarding fourteen Earth days.

The twenty-seven metric weight unit robotic vehicle of Chandrayaan-2 ‘Pragyan’, that interprets as ‘wisdom’ in Sanskritic language, will travel up to five hundred meters from the landing purpose on the moon and harnesses alternative energy for its operation.If victorious, Pragyaan is deployed from within the landing module to hold out Associate in Nursing intense probe of the satellite soil with its 2 payloads.

Chandrayaan, which suggests “lunar vehicle” in Sanskritic language, exemplifies the revitalization of international interest in the house. I know. In the US, China and personal companies square measure among those that vie to explore everything from resource mining to extraterrestrial colonies on the moon and even Mars.

Isro’s future plans

Isro’s next priority is that the $ one.4 billion Gaganyaan mission, that aims to place 3 Indian “gaganauts” into orbit, a minimum of one in all who are a lady.

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